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How an Aluminum Head is pressure tested for cracks

BogusSVO

Proven Member
5,893
296
Jul 1, 2009
Pensacola, Florida
How an aluminum head is pressure tested for cracks.

The subject head is a 5sfe Toyota DOHC
The procedure will be the same for any head.

First all the old gasket material has to be removed around all the water ports in the head.
Head gasket, thermostat, any ports that flow water.
This procedure is usually done after the head has been checked for warp.

DSCF3985.jpg


Once that is done the head is placed in the pressure testing fixture.

DSCF3984.jpg


Next the proper test plate is selected from the stack.

DSCF3986.jpg


This plate fits this head.
DSCF3987.jpg

See how it covers all the water ports on the head deck.

DSCF3988.jpg


Next the clamping bars are placed over the head and tightened down.

DSCF3989.jpg


any other water ports are blocked of with plates or plugs. One plate has an air fitting so compressed air can fill the water jacket.
On the right end of the head.

DSCF3990.jpg


Compressed air fills the water jacket, appox 30psi.
Soap water is then sprayed over the head, Looking for bubbles from a crack.
DSCF3992.jpg

Another side.

DSCF3993.jpg


Great care is used in the combustion chambers, and all runners, along with the top of the head.
This head was good and showed no signs of cracks for coolant to leak from.
 
Last edited:

Turbo Talon DL

Proven Member
720
3
Jan 29, 2005
Quincy, Illinois
Dye-penetrant inspection would seem more home-mechanic friendly wouldnt it? It could still detect cracks but maybe not inside all the passages and hard-to-see places.
 

BogusSVO

Proven Member
5,893
296
Jul 1, 2009
Pensacola, Florida
true, I have used that, but it is not very reliable, if you find it with the the dye, you can probly see it with your eye.
Some alum heads like to crack under the vlave seat insert.
 
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